UMT Education Review (UER)

Volume I, Issue I, 2018

Research Articles

Nomadic Education in Northern Pakistan: The Bakarwal Case
Brandon Baughn

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Even in the post Education for All (EFA) era, nomadic groups remain largely absent from educational policy and services. Additionally, there is a severe lack of scholarship in the field of nomadic education, with information on groups in Pakistan completely missing from the current discourse. I conducted a qualitative analysis of interviews of the members of the Bakarwal community. This study provides an examination of fresh data and it also functions as a baseline research for future studies on the Bakarwal nomads in Pakistan. I used a mixed methods approach in this study to better understand the educational goals of nomadic groups and to consider alternative methods of education to achieve these goals. In order to determine the benefits and associated challenges of education as perceived by the Bakarwal community eight interviews in total were conducted; two focus group interviews with recent settlers and one with the old settlers of the transhumant Bakarwal community. Five individual interviews with BMS supervisors were also conducted. The qualitative data was validated against the data of 333 BMS students already conducted by BMS supervisors in 32 literacy centers. The most salient finding is that the Bakarwal do value education as being inherently good for their community while acknowledging challenges associated with access and poverty. The implications of these findings are further discussed in relation to the Bakarwal in Pakistan as well as the broader nomadic community.


Learning for Peace and Coexistence: Action Research to Improve Student Attitudes
Dr. Seema Arif

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Living in 21st century means living in a totally new world full of challenges both for the educators and the learners. The aim of a postmodern university is to enable human beings to live more meaningful and satisfying lives by promoting social justice, peace and harmony in the world. It can only be achieved by teaching students critical thinking or developing among students the capacity to look at problems from various perspectives and thus reduce the chances of conflict. Therefore, the aim of this study was to improve student’s higher order thinking skills and attitude towards life and learning. For this purpose specific activities were designed for undergraduate students enrolled in the course ‘Introduction to Psychology’, so that they may become more aware of their cognitive processes, increase their perspective-taking, revisit their rational skills, and be able to establish new links with their society and culture. Innovations through visual media and psychological testing were introduced in four steps backed with formative assessment. Qualitative feedback was collected by the end of the course from the students about the course material, teaching methodology, and the innovations used describing how they personally relate to this experience. The results show that students like innovative technology used in the classroom and some even related to it as the most relevant and meaningful experience of their lives.


Leadership Styles and Change Dynamics in Public Schools of Pakistan
M. Afzal, M. Nadeem, Sadia Munawer

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Leadership plays a vital role in managing organizations and one of the key issues is managing change. Pakistani public schools are educational organizations which have been subject to top-down change in recent years. The chief actor of change, the public school teacher is assumed to be ignorant of the dynamics of change. This quantitative research was conducted to know the awareness of public school teachers about the dynamics of change and their understanding of school principal’s role in change. For this purpose a survey was conducted with the teachers of public secondary schools of Punjab in three districts. Multistage sampling technique was used to draw the sample of 135 (male 69 and female 66) teachers. Data was collected through a personally constructed questionnaire to suit the purpose. The Cronbach Alpha (Coefficient of Reliability) of the questionnaire was 0.947. Research findings reveal that public school teachers are fully aware of the importance of change. In fact, they are ready to assume the responsibility for second-order change. However, the system is not ready to initiate bottom-up change; the leadership role is critical and leadership training is the need of the hour that will gear the system in the desired direction.


The effectiveness of 5e-model of Instruction for Scientific Achievement: An Exploration of Age, Cognitive Domain and Ability Level of Students with Hearing Impairment
Dr. Zahida Parveen

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This study was designed to investigate the effects of 5E Instructions on scientific achievement of students with hearing impairment. Further, it intended to explore the effectiveness of 5E Model with respect to gender, cognitive domain and ability levels of the students. For this purpose, a set of instructions were developed on the basis of 5E Model and a scientific achievement test based on three levels of cognitive domain was constructed. The results of control group and experimental group were analyzed to assess the effectiveness with respect to gender, cognitive domain and ability levels of the students. It was concluded that experimental group significantly performed better in the post-test on the basis of scores in cognitive domain and ability level


Incorporating Customer Requirements in Designing Academic Graduate Program: A Case of Using Quality Function Deployment
Haris Aslam, Kamran Rashid

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Course design is an important component in the success of academic programs. Design and execution of the academic programs according to the industry lead to the career success of university graduates. This study narrates the process through which the academic program Master of Science in Supply Chain Management (MS-SCM) was designed by a university in Pakistan based on customer demands, considering prospective employers as customers. In order to convert customer requirements into program courses, the technique of “Quality Function Deployment” (QFD) was used. The “House of Quality” (HOQ) was used to translate the customer requirements into courses to be offered in the program. A small-scale survey of the managers involved in the recruitment of new graduates in their respective supply chain related departments from a variety of organizations was conducted in order to learn about the voice of customer. Based on the demands of the managers, courses with suitable content were identified that meet the requirements of potential employers. This study shows how by using QFD, providers of higher education can customize their academic programs to meet the requirements of the customers.

Book Review

Language, Gender and Power: The Politics of Representation and Hegemony in South Asia
Irfana Omar

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                                                                                                                             ISSN: 2616-9746 (Online)
                                                                                                                             ISSN: 2616-9738 (Print)

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