UNIVERSITY OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY

UMT Education Review (UER)

Volume II, Issue I, 2019

Research Articles

Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Teacher Education in Pakistan: Scope for Internationalization

Dr. Seema Arif, Zunaira Liaqat, Ayesha Afzal

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This semi-structured qualitative study aimed to explore the perceptions of the faculty of education departments about their level of understanding of the quality assurance and accreditation process, and their willingness to initiate this process in their respective departments. A mixed item questionnaire comprised of close and open ended was used to collect data from 152 faculty members teaching in education departments of 16 universities of Pakistan. The faculty serving at various positions was purposively selected for the purpose. Triangulation was achieved through content analysis of the survey, document analysis of NACTE Manuals & HEC directives. Finally thematic analysis was completed to reach conclusions. The study concludes that the faculty of the education department lacks awareness about quality assurance and accreditation process. Further findings suggest that universities are not prepared in many aspects for the achievement of national accreditation; however, in spite of their unwillingness to initiate efforts for internationalization, the faculty demonstrated a keen interest in learning about the accreditation process itself. It is recommended that National Accreditation Council for Teacher Education must set new targets to meet the goals of accreditation of teacher education in Pakistan.
Keywords: Globalization, internationalization, national accreditation, quality assurance, teacher education

 

Development of Articulation Screening Tool to Assess the Articulation Errors in Urdu Speaking School Going Children

Hamda Muzaffar, Nayab Iftikhar, Dr. Muhammad Sikander Ghayas Khan, Sumera Nawaz MaliK

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Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and more than 100 million people speak Urdu worldwide. Urdu has 43 phonemes, however, there are some distinct phonemes in English and Urdu languages that affect the accuracy of test results. Ultimately, it leads to difficulty in assessment, diagnosis and intervention planning. This study is aimed to develop a criterion based articulation screening tool to identify articulation errors in Urdu speaking school going children. For this purpose, 500 Urdu words were selected after literature review for eliciting spontaneous single word responses at initial, medial and final positions. 10 professionals were requested to review and rate each word on a scale ranging from 1 – 5 (1=strongly disagree, 2= disagree, 3= neutral, 4=agree, 5= strongly agree). Pilot study was conducted on 25 Urdu speaking school going children to check content validity. The mean score of all the responses was calculated and the top three responses were selected for further application. In the second application, 200 school going children including 100 boys and 100 girls were included. Their responses comprising sound utterances at initial, medial and final positions were converted to mean scores. Mean scores of expert opinion, pilot study and final application of UAST were calculated using Excel spreadsheets. The minimum mean score of selected words was 3, whereas the maximum mean score was 5. Final application proves the validity of UAST. The minimum mean score of selected words was 4.5, whereas the maximum mean score was 5. The study proved that UAST is a valid screening tool to screen articulation errors in Urdu speaking school going children.
Keywords: articulation screening, Urdu Articulation Screening Tool (UAST), articulation errors, criterion based Urdu Articulation Screening Tool, articulation errors in school going children.

Urdu is national language of Pakistan and more than 100 million people speak Urdu language worldwide. Urdu Language has 43 phonemes however, there are some different phonemes in English and Urdu language that affect accuracy of test results ultimately it leads the difficulty in assessment, diagnosis and intervention planning. Develop a criterion based articulation screening tool to identify the articulation errors in Urdu speaking school going children. 500 Urdu words are selected after literature review for eliciting spontaneous single word responses at initial, medial and final positions. 10 professionals are requested to review and rate each word from 1 – 5 (1=strongly disagree, 2= disagree, 3= neutral, 4=agree, 5 strongly agree). The pilot study is conducted on 25 Urdu speaking school going children to check the content validity. The mean score of all the responses is calculated and top three responses are selected for further application. In second application 200 school going children 100 male and 100 female are included. Their responses of sound utterance at initial, medial and final positions are converted to mean scores. Mean score of expert opinion, pilot study and final application of UAST is calculated. The Excel spreadsheets are used for this purpose. The minimum mean score of selected words is 3 whereas the maximum mean score is 5. Final application proves the validity of UAST. The selected words minimum mean score is 4.5 whereas maximum mean score is 5. UAST is a valid screening tool to screen the articulation errors in Urdu speaking school going children. Keywords: Articulation screening, Urdu Articulation Screening Tool (UAST), Articulation errors, Criterion based Urdu Articulation Screening Tool, Articulation errors in school going children.
Keywords: Articulation screening, Urdu Articulation Screening Tool (UAST), Articulation errors, Criterion based Urdu Articulation Screening Tool, Articulation errors in school going children.

 

Human Rights Education in Pre-Service Teacher Education – Pakistan

Mehek Naeem, Dr. Fariha Gull, Dr. Muhammad Zaheer Asghar, Dr. Naeem Zafar

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As per international obligations, human rights education should be taught to all. In Pakistan teacher training institutes and Bachelors in Education (BEd) programs provide a platform for promoting and ensuring teaching of human rights to prospective teachers. The purpose of the study was to assess how much knowledge about human rights education is provided to pre-service teachers during their BEd course. A case study approach was used in qualitative paradigm to study the case of 3 education universities in Lahore, Pakistan offering BEd. The study used document analysis and survey with pre-service teachers for collection of data. Content analysis was used to analyze the scheme of studies given by Higher Education Commission Pakistan and the subsequent curricula used by the universities under study. Consequently, survey was conducted with 150 pre-service teachers in order to determine their overall knowledge, attitudes and practices towards teaching of human rights as prospective teachers. The results reveal that an overall positive attitude towards teaching and learning about human rights education was found among respondents of the study, but no specific module, course or topics in a course focused on human rights education in the curricula. This study reflects the need of integration of human rights education in teacher training curriculum and recommends that human rights education should be mandatory part of teacher education curricula.
Keywords: Case study, human rights education, prospective teachers, teacher education curriculum.

 

Comparing Emotional Intelligence and Self Esteem in Secondary School Students of Punjab

Dr. Nazir Haider Shah, Nadia Nazir, Dr. Shazia Zamir

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This study intended to explore the correlation between emotional intelligence and self-esteem of students studying in secondary schools of Pakistan. The study explored the role of different demographic variations of students such as gender, grade and family’s socioeconomic status in defining their levels of self-esteem and emotional intelligence. The study used the Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS) and Self Esteem Questionnaire (SEQ) to measure the emotional intelligence and self-esteem respectively. Using multistage random sampling technique 300 students were selected studying at secondary schools from four districts of Punjab, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Attock and Mianwali. The findings revealed that there is strong and positive correlation between self esteem and emotional intelligence. Results of t-test revealed that there is significant difference between emotional intelligence and self-esteem scores of boys and girls. Similarly, ANOVA results also show differences in scores of emotional intelligence and self-esteem with respect to grade level and family income. Findings would be beneficial for the school teachers, psychologists, counsellors and school administrators highlighting the need of making psychological profile of students. Both self-esteem and emotional intelligence are deemed crucial for learning and personality building of young adolescents. Therefore, policy makers, school administration, parents and teachers must expend collective efforts to create healthy social and psychological capital for Pakistan.
Keywords: Emotional intelligence, human development, self-esteem, secondary school students.

 

University Efforts for Quality to Ensure Epistemological Access

Irfana Omar, Dr. Shahzad Chaudhary

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The purpose of this study is to explore the interrelationship among quality of university efforts (management efforts and teacher efforts) to ensure epistemological access, the willingness of students to learn and participate in university activities, with student satisfaction with higher education in private universities of Pakistan. The research was correlational in nature and survey was conducted with the help of self-constructed questionnaire aiming to collect their responses from their experiences at the campus regarding purposeful access to the available resources and measure the satisfaction level with the provided access. The sample was collected using multistage sampling technique. A total of 350 students participated in the research from three faculties of a private university. The data was analyzed using advanced statistical techniques such as Pearson Product Correlation and Multiple Linear Regression. It was found that there was a positive correlation among teachers’ efforts for epistemological efforts (TEEA), management efforts for epistemological access (MEEA), and student satisfaction (SS); whereas, TEEA, MEEA, and SS showed no relationships with students willingness (SW). Moreover, SW did not prove to be a mediator between MEEA and SS. The study contributed scholarly in the existing literature by accentuating the need for epistemological access through enhancing the student willingness otherwise hard efforts of university to provide quality infrastructure and teaching and learning would go wasted. The dream of translating students’ academic experiences into meaningful future success would be hard to realize.
Keywords: Epistemological access, teacher efforts, management efforts, student satisfaction.

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